Proportional Politics: Discussion
Shom Mazumder (Government)
Overarching Question: How do electoral institutions shape womens' mobilization?
Outlines three mechanisms: electoral, representation, and organizational
Uses a natural experiment in Norway with shift from plurality to PR
- finds that shift to PR increases womens' share of turnout
- evidence in support of the electoral and organizational mechanisms, but not representation
Paper contributes to an exciting intersection of “classic” electoral politics literatures with a renewed interest in the politics of gender
Theory and Framing
- Loss of womens' agency in the electoral story. Why weren't women mobilizing before?
- What's unique about women in your paper? Does this PR story apply more broadly for other groups?
- Organizational story is most interesting, but seems more like a condition than a mechanism
- Lee Ann Banaszak makes a very similar argument in her book
- The representation mechanism is a bit unpersuasive to me as written. Maybe better to discuss it as an alternative mechanism?
- How does this fit into the wider literature at the intersection of institutions, electoral politics and gender?
- Chattopadhyay and Duflo (2004, Econometrica); O'Brien and Rickne (2016, APSR); Teele (Forthcoming, JOP)
- Use of women's share versus turnout among voting eligible women seems disconnected from the theory
- Does this shift policy or spending (Miller 2008, QJE)?
- Spend some time justifying sequential ignorability for g-estimation results
- Could further test electoral story by looking at het effects by political competitiveness
- What exactly do parties do to mobilize voters? Can we measure these?
- Formal test of interactions for organizational story
- Lack of results on women's representation suggests an interesting puzzle: why doesn't turnout lead to women's descriptive representation?